Upper Cross Syndrome

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Upper & Lower Cross Syndromes

The concepts of Upper Cross Syndrome and Lower Cross Syndrome were developed by Vladimir Janda.

0:00  Upper Cross Syndrome
1:36  Lower Cross Syndrome

Upper Cross Syndrome manifests with a forward head posture and involves tightness in pectoralis major and minor and also the neck extensors. When these muscles are tight or facilitated, the opposing muscles will be weak or inhibited. The weak inhibited muscles are the neck flexors and the scapula stabilizers, including lower trapezius, rhomboids, and serratus anterior.

Lower Cross Syndrome manifests with an anterior pelvic tilt and a deeper lumbar lordosis. It involves tightness in the psoas and iliacus and also the erector spinae and quadratus lumborum. The opposing muscles will be weak and inhibited. These are the gluteus maximus and abdominal muscles.

To work with either of these syndromes it is important to first release the tight facilitated muscles before trying to strengthen the weak inhibited muscles. 


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