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Shoulder Pain Information and Resources

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Here are some links to articles about shoulder pain that I hope you will find useful.
If you find links that don’t work, or have any links you wish to share, please use the comment form at the bottom of the page. Thanks.
These links are from my workshop on Assessment and Treatment of Shoulder Pain. Workshops are listed at


High Prevalence of Superior Labral Tears Diagnosed by MRI in Middle-Aged Patients With Asymptomatic Shoulders
Orthop J Sports Med. 2016 Jan 5;4(1):2325967115623212. doi: 10.1177/2325967115623212. eCollection 2016.


How to Avoid SLAP Tear Surgery and Heal Your Shoulder Pain Conservatively


Patterns of motion loss in subjects with idiopathic loss of shoulder ROM


The internal rotation less than abduction less than external rotation pattern was demonstrated in 14 of 25 (56%) involved shoulders.
Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon). 2004 Oct;19(8):810-8.
The Effect of Anterior Versus Posterior Glide Joint Mobilization on External Rotation Range of Motion in Patients With Shoulder Adhesive Capsulitis
“the individuals in the posterior mobilization group had a mean improvement of 31.3°”
J Orthop Sports Phys Ther 2007;37(3):88–99. doi:10.2519/jospt.2007.2307
Shoulder Mobilization: Mulligan or Kaltenborn? Who is right?  
Don’t Blame the Rotator Cuff – Erik Dalton Blog
Working with the sternoclavicular joint to relieve impingement at the acromioclavicular joint.

I’m blaming it on the AC joint! – Erik Dalton Blog

Calcific Tendinitis – Academy of Clinical Massage

Symptoms of Pain Do Not Correlate with Rotator Cuff Tear Severity
J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2014 May 21; 96(10): 793–800.
Published online 2014 May 21. doi:  10.2106/JBJS.L.01304
Structure is not Destiny – please don’t rush to freaking out about your x-ray, MRI or ultrasound — Greg Lehman
Shoulder Impingement Syndrome: Successfully Addressing the Number One Reason for Shoulder Pain
Subacromial decompression surgery for adults with shoulder pain: a systematic review with meta-analysis | British Journal of Sports Medicine

There was high certainty evidence of no additional benefit of subacromial decompression surgery over placebo surgery in reducing pain at 1 year following surgery

54% of the power comes from the legs and trunk


Biomechanical analysis of the shoulder during tennis activities. – Abstract – Europe PMC
Kibler, W.B. 1995. Biomechanical analysis of the shoulder during tennis activities.
Clin Sports Med, 14:79-85
Baseball Pitching
24% energy decrease from hip and trunk
requires 34% increase at the shoulder
to deliver the same amount of force
The Role of the Scapula in Athletic Shoulder Function – W. Ben Kibler, 1998
The American journal of sports medicine, 1998 –
Surgery or Physiotherapy
Exercise in the treatment of rotator cuff impingement: A systematic review and a synthesized evidence-based rehabilitation protocol – Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
For people diagnosed with atraumatic partial thickness tears of the supraspinatus tendon involving less than 75% of the tendon, a graduated physiotherapy exercise program has been found as beneficial as surgery involving acromioplasty, or acromioplasty and rotator cuff repair.
Kuhn, J. Exercise in the treatment of rotator cuff impingement. A systematic review and synthesized evidence based rehabilitation protocol. 2009, J shoulder Elbow Surg, Jan. – Feb.
Can You Have a Rotator Cuff Tear and No Symptoms?
Headstand for Rotator Cuff Tear: Shîrshâsana or Surgery | International Journal of Yoga Therapy 
International Journal of Yoga Therapy: 2006, Vol. 16, No. 1, pp. 39-47.
Yoga-Based Maneuver Effectively Treats Rotator Cuff Syndrome : Topics in Geriatric Rehabilitation
Topics in Geriatric Rehabilitation April/June 2011 – Volume 27 – Issue 2 – p 151–161
Shoulder Health: An Overview of Anatomy and Injury – On Target Publications
Muscle Energy for Sterno-Clavicular Joint
Tom Ockler, PT
New Concept in Rotator Cuff Retraining
Bahram Jam, MPhty, BScPT, FCAMT
Gentle thawing of the frozen shoulder: A prospective study of supervised neglect versus intensive physical therapy in seventy-seven patients with frozen shoulder syndrome followed up for two years – Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
Diercks RL, Stevens M., J Shoulder Elbow Surg. 2004 Sep-Oct;13(5):499-502.
Frozen Shoulder …Is Manipulation Under Anaesthesia a good option?
Novel Isometric Shoulder Exercises
Scapula Stability Exercises
Rotator Cuff Pain and Sleepless Nights
Here is a very simple technique to help your shoulder pain clients get a good night’s sleep.
Rotator Cuff Pain and Sleepless Nights- pdf
Shoulder Arthroscopy – 1893
ArtiFacts: The Case of Jules Pedoux | SpringerLink
Reliability of MRIs
Variability in diagnostic error rates of 10 MRI centers performing lumbar spine MRI examinations on the same patient within a 3-week period
R Herzog, DR Elgort, AE Flanders, PJ Moley – The Spine Journal, 2017 – Elsevier
The Spine Journal, April 2017 Volume 17, Issue 4, Pages 554–561
MRI study of 31 asymptomatic subjects
Age 50+        72% had rotator cuff disorder
Age 40 – 49   48%
Age 30 -39    43%
Frost, P. Anderson, J.H and Lundorf, E. 1999.
Is supraspinatus pathology as defined by magnetic resonance imaging associated with clinical sign of shoulder impingement? – Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
Abnormal Findings on Magnetic Resonance Images of the Cervical Spines in 1211 Asymptomatic Subjects
87.6% of subjects presented with disc bulging
Spine: 15 March 2015 – Volume 40 – Issue 6 – p 392–398
Ultrasound study on 51 men, aged 40 – 70, asymptomatic for shoulder pain
96% had some degree of moderate to severe shoulder pathology.
Sub acromial bursa thickening 78%
Acromio-clavicular joint degeneration 65%
Supraspinatus tendinosis 39%
Subscapularis tendinosis 25%
Partial thickness tear supraspinatus 22%
Posterior glenoid labral anomaly 14%
Girish, G., Lobo, L.G., Jacobson, J., Morag, Y, Miller, B. and Jamadar, D.
Ultrasound of the shoulder: Asymptomatic findings in men
American Journal of Roentgenology, 2011;97, 713-9.
Self Care Exercises
Videos and pdf handouts of self-care exercises for the shoulder 
Pectoralis Doorway Stretch – Massage Technique Library
Rotator Cuff Exercise – Massage Technique Library
Rounded Shoulder Exercise – Massage Technique Library
Shoulder Impingement Stretch – Massage Technique Library


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